I watched Dr. Azzolino first hand change the lives of patients who were wheel chair bound. I saw the compassion in his demeanor and touch and heard the gratitude that patients expressed toward him and his work. I have not met a chiropractor with such dedication, wisdom and persistence.

Dr Azzolino has helped me overcome various health issues. I had a very severe injury, which left me with terrible vertigo and balance problems. I am told I’ve made a miraculous recovery, and I have no doubt that Dr Azzolino played a huge role in this.

Repetitive Stress Injuries

REPETITIVE STRAIN INJURIES

To ensure full recovery, it is imperative that:

• As a patient: RSI symptoms are recognized in the early stages of the condition.

• As a doctor: the cause is identified so that correct treatment can be administered.

Long-term neglect of symptoms and an inability to correctly diagnose the condition results in a

high number of permanent disabilities.

There is a lack of understanding regarding repetitive strain injuries throughout the medical

community and the insurance industry.

The etiology of RSIs are multifactorial.

Tendonitis as the primary versus secondary/tertiary:

• Conventional medical treatments have focused on anti-inflammatory agents.

• Often a patient is diagnosed following a cursory examination.

• Evidence shows that tendonitis is merely one manifestation of RSI but clearly not the

SEVERAL DIFFERENT CAUSES OF RSI:

NERVE ENTRAPMENT SYNDROMES

• Entrapped nerve → irritability of pain fibers → increased sympathetic tone

atrophy of muscles → increased load on the tendon → TENDONITIS

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: compression of brachial plexus and associated vasculature between

• Hypertonicity/dystonia of anterior neck muscles

• Reflex inhibition/weakness of musculature

• Congenital anatomical structures

Common sites of peripheral nerve entrapments in upper extremity:

• Axillary nerve – quadrangular space of axilla (posterior shoulder)

• Radial nerve – axilla/rotator cuff, supinator muscle

• Musculocutaneous nerve – in coracobrachialis muscle

• Ulnar nerve – medial elbow

• Median nerve – elbow, pronator teres muscle, carpal tunnel

rib, and anterior neck musculature due to postural abnormalities.

Sergio F. Azzolino, DC, DACNB

SYMPATHETIC HYPERACTIVITY

• Ischemia to muscles → dystonic muscles → increased load on tendon → tendonitis

Causes of sympathetic hyperactivity:

• Wind-up of sympathetic nerves by continuous firing of pain pathways

• Poor inhibition of sympathetic nerves due to decreased brain function

• Plastic deformity of ligaments and tendons

• Hypertonicity of certain muscle groups with resultant reciprocal inhibition

(e.g., when an individual contracts his biceps, his triceps – the antagonistic muscle –

must be neurologically inhibited to allow the contraction of the biceps. Performed over

long periods, this contraction results in the efficiency of the pathway causing biceps

contraction and the inefficiency of the pathway contracting the triceps.)

• Subluxations/altered mechanics of joint

• A small portion of our postural control is volitional

• Posture is reflexogenically controlled by the cerebellum

• The cerebellum is constantly bombarded by receptors from our joint and muscles

• Correct movement of joints, and the appropriate load on joints, results in increased

• Decreased firing of the cerebellum as a result of joint subluxation, and decreased receptor

stimulation, results in reflexogenic inhibition/weakness of muscle groups

THE CHIROPRACTIC NEUROLOGIST’S APPROACH TO A PATIENT WITH

It is imperative that any person with symptoms of RSI be evaluated for all of the following:

• Reflex sympathetic dysfunction

• Reflex muscle weakness/inhibition

• Functional imbalances of the nervous system predisposing the patient to dystonic muscles

RSI

• Remove any peripheral nerve entrapments

• Address central relay centers to restore functional integrity of the nervous system

• Address rib mechanics to maximize chest wall excursion

• Address postural integrity reflexogenically and volitionally

• Rehabilitate central relay centers dealing with pain inhibition, sympathetic control, and

muscle control through neuromuscular reeducation exercises

• Rehabilitate muscles once the central relays are plasticized